Food & Nutrition

laIKsl kQâ,aia fï ;rï kmqrla lrk nj Tn oek isáhdo @

5276
Written by socialanka
fï ,smsh lsheùfuka miq Tn ksielfhkau cSú;fha b;d jeo.;a ;SrKhla .kakjduh”’
 
laIKsl kQâ,aia wo fndfyda fokdf.a wdydr fõ, msßuisk ckm%sh f;aÍula njg m;aù ;sfí’ kQâ,aia rildrlh ta meleÜgqj ;=<u ;sfnk ksid th ms<sfh, lsÍu myiqh’ blauKska wdydrhg .; yel’ ñf,kq;a wvqh’ fï lreKq fya;= fldgf.k wo fndfyda fokd wdydr fõ,a msßuid.ekSug zzlaIKsl kQâ,aiaZZ mßfNdackhg .ks;s’
fuhska Tfí id mji ksjd.; yels nj ienEjls’ kuq;a fï laIKsl kQâ,aia wdydrhg .ekSfuka Tng isÿúh yels ydksh w;suy;ah’ fï ta ms<sn|j Tnj oeKqj;a lsÍfï W;aidyhls’


laIKsl kQâ,aia ixialD;sh fnfyúka m%p,s; fldßhdfõ 2007-2009 ld,h ;=< cd;sl fi!LH yd fmdaIK wOHhkhl m%;sM<  The Journal of Nutrition i`.rdj miq.shod m%ldYhg m;a lrk ,oS’


ldka;djkag laIKsl kQâ,aia lrk w.;sh jeähs
i;shlg foj;djla laIKsl kQâ,aia  wkqNjfhka ldka;djka ;=< mßjD;a;Sh iy,laIKh  (Metabolic syndrome) kï frda.h we;s ùfï wjodku fnfyúka by< kexfjk nj fuhska fy<sorõ úh’ mßjD;a;Sh iy,laIKh hkq f,fyis myiq frda.hla fkdfõ’ th cSú;h ksielfhkau wjodkfï fy<k my;ska úia;r f;frk wdldrfha frda. iuQyhls’
  • wêreêr mSvkh
  • oshjeähdj
  • wêl fldf,iagfrda,a iy
  • Worfha fïoh jeä jYfhka ;ekam;a ùu
by; frda. je<|Su ksid weh yDohdndO” wxYNd.h iy oshjeähdj wdoS osúh mqrd mj;sk frda. j,g k;=ùfï bvlv by< hhs’
by; wOHhkfha m%Odk iudfhdacl wdpd¾h yqjdx cQka Isx mjik wdldrhg msßñka fï wdldrfhka laIKsl kQâ,aia wkqNjfhka mßjD;a;Sh frda. je<|Sfï wjodkulg ,la fkdjkafka msßñka yd .eyekqka w;r we;s cSj úoHd;aul fjkialï ksidh’ fjfiiskau ldka;djkaf.a ,sx.sl fydafudak j, l%shdldß;ajh wef.a fï by< kexfjk fnda fkdjk frda. wjodkug odhl;ajhla imhhs’


laIKsl kQâ,aia wiqrkafka iaghsfrdf*daï weiqreulh’ wdl¾IKSh fmKqula ;snqK;a fï weiqreu Tfí udrhd ie`.j.;a weiqreula lsõfjd;a th ksjerosh’ iaghsfrdf*dï weiqrefuys ìia*efkd,a A kï ridhkh we;af;ah’ th wfma YÍrfha iajdNdúl fydafudak l%shdldß;ajh wvd, lrk w;r tu.ska wfma isrer úYd, wjodkulg ksrdjrkh lrhs’
World Instant Noodles Association m%ldY lrk wkaoug f,dalfha jeäfhkau laIKsl kQâ,aia  wkqNj lrkafka Ökfhah’ jirlg laIKsl kQâ,aia fldamam ì,shk 44’4la Ökakq wkqNj lr;s’ ì,shk 5’5l fldamam ixLHdjla wkqNj lrñka wfma wi,ajeis bkaoshdj isõjeks ia:dkhg m;a jkafkah’


laIKsl kQâ,aia fmdaIKfõoSkaf.a .¾ydjg ,la jkafka wehs @
laIKsl kQâ,aia ñksia mdßfNdackhg .kakd ckm%sh wdydr w;r w;sYhskau msßmyÿ lrk ,o wdydrh jkafkah’ fuys wre; Tng t;rï jegfykafka ke;skï ta .ek wm úia;r lrkakg leu;sh’
;sß`.= OdkH” msá njg m;a lsÍu wê ;dlaIKsl l%shdoduhla fjhs’ tys fmdaIHodhS fldgia fjkuu msßmyÿ jkafkah’ lulg ke;s fldgiao wyl fkdoukafkah’ tajdo ksielfhkau wdydr ksIamdokhg fhdod.kakd wuqøjH njg m;a jkafkah’ ;sß`.= msá j¾.SlrkfhaoS fmdaIHodhS fldgia iq/lsj msßmyÿ lr.ekSfuka miqj b;sßjk fmdaIHodhS fkdjk frdâv y÷kajkafka zuhsvd msáZ hkqfjks’ laIKsl kQâ,aia ksIamdokfhaoS Ndú;hg .kafka fï uhsvd frdvq ;sß`.= msáh’ jvd;a iqÿ” Y=kH le,ßl msá j¾.hla jYfhka ie<flk zuhsvd msáZ laIKsl kQâ,aia  ksIamdokfha uQ,sl wuqøjH njg m;ajk nj Tn fuf;la oek isáhdo @


ta yereKq úg wk;=reodhl fïoh” jeämqr .ekSu lsisfia;a kqiqÿiq hhs ie<flk fidaähï uQ,øjH yereKq úg wdydr ixrlaIlldrl” j¾Kldrl fukau wdl,k /ilskao laIKsl kQâ,aia  iukaú;h’ fï ish,a, tlaj .;a l< kjH fmdaIKfõofha kqiqÿiq hhs ie<flK ish¿u wxf.damdx.leálr.;a b;du wfhda.H wdydrhla f,i fï zlaIKsl kQâ,aiaZ  ye|skaùfï jrola fkdfõ’


zlaIKsl kQâ,aiaZ  j, ;sfnk w.;s.dó ridhk folla
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) laIKsl kQâ,aia j, we;s ñksia fi!LHhg w;sYhska wys;lr ridhkhls’ ta yereKq úg fmfg%da,shï l¾udka;fhys w;=re M<hla f,i ksIamdokh jk Tertiary-butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ) o fï laIKsl kQâ,aia ksIamdokh msKsi fhdod.efka’ fï ridhk øjH ñksia iqjfi;g isÿ lrk w.;sh iïnkaOfhka fndfyda wOHhk isÿ flÍ ;sfnk w;r fïjd laIKsl kQâ,aia ksIamdokfhys uQ,sldx. ke;fyd;a ke;sju neß wuqøjH njg m;aùu ienúkau wjdikdjls’


ksIamdokfhaoS fhdod.kafka wys;lr f,i f,an,a jQ f;,a j¾.hs
jdkscHuh ieliQ wdydr l¾udka;fhaoS fhdod.kafka ix;Dma; fïoh yd g%dkaia fïohhs’ fï fïo j¾. folu fïo j¾.SlrkfhaoS wh;a jkafka wdydrhg .ekSu kqiqÿiq f;,a j¾. f,ihs’ jvd iqÿiq f;,a j¾. f,i ie<flkafka tal, ix;Dma; fïoh yd nyqix;Dma; fïohhs’ laIKsl kQâ,aia ieliSfïoS fhdod.kakd wys;lr f;,a j¾.o laIKsl kQâ,aia l¾udka;fhys w.;s.dó njg ;j;a ,l=Kla tl;= lr ;sfí’


Codex Standards hkq wdydr j, Ndú;dj iïnkaOfhka ud¾f.damfoaYK imhk cd;Hka;rj ms<s.;a ks¾Kdhlhhs’ tys i|yka wdldrhg laIKsl kQâ,aia ksIamdokfhaoS acid regulators, flavour enhancers, thickeners, humectants, colours, stabilizers, anti-oxidants, emulsifiers, flour treatment agents, preservatives and anti-caking agents hk øjH Bg tl;= lsÍug wjir ;sfí’ fï wdldrfha úYd, ridhk øjH iuQyhla tl;= lrk wdydrhla hy .=Ke;s wdydrhla jkafka flfiao @ 


laIKsl kQâ,aia ks;r wkqNjfhka YÍrfha fidaähï ixhq;sh fnfyúka by< kexfjkjd
fidaähï – wêreêr mSvkh” yDohdndO” wxYNd.h yd jl=.vq ydkshg m;aùu wdoS ;¾ck /ilg fya;= fjhs’ laIKsl kQâ,aia j, fidaähï we;af;a w;s ud;%d j,sks’ idudkH kQâ,aia msßkeóul (Per serving) fidaähï ñ,s .a?ï 830la muK ;sfnk nj y÷kdf.k ;sfí’ wjqreÿ 4 blaujq orejkag iy jeäysáhkag ffokslj ,efnk fidaähï m%udKh 2,400 mg/day fkdblauúh hq;=h’ US Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)  tfy;a mqreoaola úosyg laIKsl kQâ,aia wkqNj lrk wh ksielfhkau fï w;s ud;%d fidaähï YÍr.; lr.kakd nj fmdaIKfõoSka mji;s’


laIKsl kQâ,aia  cS¾Khg .; jk ld,h b;d jeähs
2011 j¾IfhaoS TEDxManhattan m¾fhaIlhka msßila úiska wmQre m¾fhaIKhla isÿ lrK ,oS’ fuysoS laIKsl kQâ,aia  fukau f.or yok idudkH kQâ,aia fjk fjku wkqNjhg i,iajd tajd cS¾Kh jk whqre wdudY.; lrk ,o ishqï leurdjlska ksÍlaIKh lrk ,oS’
meh folla .; jqK;a wdudYh laIKsl kQâ,aia cS¾Kh lsÍug wiu;a jQ uq;a idudkH kQâ,aia idudkH l%uhg cS¾Kh jk nj Tjqka ksÍlaIKh lf<ah’
my; ùäfhdafjka oelafjkafka ta i;H ksÍlaIKhhs’
ùäfhdaj n,kak’

laIKsl kQâ,aia  YÍrfha cS¾Kl l%shdj,shgo f.k tkafka w;s nrls’ th os.= ld,hla ;siafia wdydrh kshñ; mßos cS¾Kh fkdlrñka cS¾Kl u. l%shdj,sfha iqug Ndjhg ndOd f.k ths’ Tertiary-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) kï ridhkh ksid laIKsl kQâ,aia cS¾Kh ùug fïid ld,hla .;jk nj m¾fhaIlhkaf.a u;hhs’


os.= ld,hla ;siafia lv idmamq j, wf,úfha ;efnk wdydrhla
laIKsl kQâ,aia os.= ld,hla ;siafia lvfmd<j, l,a ;ndf.k úlsfKk wdydrhls’ wfkl=;a wdydr j,g idfmalaIj fïjdg jeä Shelf Life tlla ;sfí’ fu;rï úYd, ld,hla wdydr wf,úlrkhg fjka ùuo fyd| fohla fkdfõ’ wdydr kï flá ld,hla ;=< mßfNdackhg .; hq;a;ls’ oS¾> ld,hla i|yd ksmojk wdydr hkq fmdaIKSh .=Khka wNsnjd ixrlaIK .=Kdx. ;sr lrk ,o tajd njg i<l=Kls’


ma,diaála lkafÜkrfha WKq kQâ,aia j,ska vfhdlaiska ksmofjkjd”’
i,ams,a j,oS” wdmkYd,d j,oS kQâ,aia msßkukafka yqrenqyqá ma,diaála lkafÜkrhlh’ thg WKq WKqfõ kQâ,aia oud Tng tajd msßkukafka Tfí ri kyr mskd hkakgh’ tfy;a fïjdhska b;d Nhdkl vfhdlaiska ridhKslh uqod yefrk ;r th YÍrhg úIldrlh’ fï ksid i,amsf,aoS” wdmkYd,dfõoS laIKsl kQâ,aia ma,diaála weiqreul oud yhla y;rla fkdo;a fiajlhka úiska Tng msßkukjd kï th wvq ;rfï ms`.dkl oud wdrlaIl mshjr fhdodf.k wkqNj lsÍug j;a ñkamiq ie<ls<su;a fjkak’


we;eï úg ksIamdok l%shdj,sfha wiudk;d ksid tys wka;¾.; fïoh TlaislrKhg ,laùfuka YÍr fi!LHhg b;d wys;lr fïohla tys wka;¾.; ùugo bv we;’


laIKsl kQâ,aia j, bá j¾.hla ;jrd ;sfnk nj Tn fuf;la oek isáhdo @
laIKsl kQâ,aia tlsfklg we,Sfuka j<lajd .ekSug tajdg bá j¾.hla ;jrd ;sfnk nj Tn okakjdo @ laIKsl kQâ,aia j,g kgk WKq j;=r tl;= l< úg tajd u;=msg mdfjkjd Tngu ksÍlaIKh lr.; yelshs’


jákd b÷rka úkdY lrjk ;j;a ìhlre ridhkhla kQâ,aia j,”’
fldafvlaia m%ñ;shg wkQj kQâ,aia j, f;;ukh uekúka mj;ajd.kq jia humectant ldKavfha ridhkhla jk propylene glycol Bg tl;= lrhs’ fïjd YÍrhg iDcqju wjfYdaIKh jk w;r yDoh” wlaudj yd jl=.vq wdosfhys ;ekam;a fjhs’ fï propylene glycol ridhkh YÍrfha m%;sYla;slrkh ÿ¾j, lsÍugo l=m%lgh’ ks;r laIKsl kQâ,aia wkqNjfhka fï ridhkh u.ska osfkl Tng nrm;, fi!LH m%Yak we;s fkdlr;ehs ksYaph jYfhka m%ldY l< yelso @


f,dal fi!LH ixúOdkh m%ldY lrk wdldrhg wmg ms<sld j,ska ishhg 30lskau myiqfjka ñosh yels u`.la ;sfí’ ta ksjeros wdydr wkqNjfhks’ cSú;h iqrlsk wdydr fidhd hk .ufkaoS zzlaIKsl kQâ,aiaZZ j,g ysñ jk ia:dkh ;SrKh lsÍug Tn ;j;a m%udo úh hq;=o @


laIKsl kQâ,aia  ñksia mdßfNdackhg .kakd ckm%sh wdydr w;r w;sYhskau msßmyÿ lrk ,o wdydrh jkafkah’
kjH fmdaIKfõofha kqiqÿiq hhs ie<flK ish¿u wxf.damdx.leálr.;a b;du wfhda.H wdydrhla f,i fï zlaIKsl kQâ,aiaZ  ye|skaùfï jrola fkdfõ’


i;shlg foj;djla laIKsl kQâ,aia  wkqNjfhka ldka;djka ;=< mßjD;a;Sh iy,laIKh kï frda.h we;s ùfï wjodku fnfyúka by< kexfjk nj fldßhdfõ isÿ lrk o m¾fhaIKhlska ikd: úh’
mqreoaola úosyg laIKsl kQâ,aia wkqNj lrk wh ksielfhkau fï w;s ud;%d fidaähï YÍr.; lr.kakd nj fmdaIKfõoSka mji;s’
 
Ndr; .=K;s,l úisks
Bharata-Gunathilaka

About the author

socialanka