Editorial

;ukaf. ie;alu ;uka úiskau isÿlr.;a ffjoHjrfhla .ek uú;h okjk l;djla

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Tfí cSú; ld,h ;=< Tn weiQ ks¾NS;Ndjfha fyd|u l;dj fuh jkakg mq¿jk”’
.a,eishr ysu lª j,ska msreKQ W;a;r O%ejfha”’ wekagdáldfõ .fõIK msKsi msg;a jqKq fidaúhÜ .fõIl lKavdhfï jQ tlu ffjoHjrhd jQfha 27 yeúrsos ffjoHjrfhl= jQ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõh’ yosisfhau WkavqlmqÉPh wddidokhg ,la ùu ksid Tyq yosisfhau b;d widOH f,i wikSmhg m;a úh’ i;s .Kkdjl uqyqÿ pdßldjlska miq wekagdlaáldjg meñKS Tyqg ffjoH m%;sldr msKsi kej; hkakg .=jka hdkd myiqlï ;snqfKa ke;’ uqyqÿ u.ska hkakgo wvqu ;rfï osk 30-35 l ld,hla .; jkafkah’ kuq;a meh lsysmhla we;=<; Y,Hl¾uhla fkdlf<d;a cSú;h wk;=f¾h’ tod fï ;reK ffjoHjrhdg isÿ jQfha l=ulao @


ta 1961 wfm%a,a udifha 29 jkodh’ mqxÑ WKla iu.ska Tlaldrh w;mh mk ke;slu ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõg oefkkakg úh’ ta Worfha ol=Kq me;af;ka u;=j fmlKsh jfÜg .uka lrk ishqï fõokdjla iu.sks’ Tyq fõokdkdYl fnfy;a fm;s lsysmhla .;a;;a wikSm ;;a;ajfha lsisÿ fjkila isÿjQfha ke;’ B<`. ojfia fmrlS frda. ,laIK j,g wu;rj Tyqg mß;dk m%odyhl ,laIK we;s jkakg úgh’ m<mqreÿ Y,H ffjoHjrfhl= jQ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõg isÿj we;s foh ksjerosj f;areï .ekSug jeä wmyiqjla jQfha ke;’ th ksielfhkau WKavqlmqÉPh wdidokh ùuls’ fõokdj tkak tkaku W.% fõ’ ffjoHjrfhl=g bkafkao fujr frda.sfhl= njg m;ajQ ;udu muKs’ tfy;a Y,Hl¾uhla yosisfha lrkjd úkd cSú;h fírd .kakg wka u.lao ke;’ ffjoHjrhdu frda.shd jQ úg wka lsisÿ ffjoHjrfhl= fkdue;sj frda.hg we;s tlu m%;sldrh – Y,Hl¾uhla isÿ lrkafka fldfyduo @


wekagdlaáldjg .sh .fõIlfhda”’
osk 36l uqyqÿ .uklska miqj Tjqka neÆ neÆ w; .sßYsLr fuka me;sr jid.;a whsial=Üá yd bys,sh fkdyels ysß.vq msfmk iS;,u ñi wka lsisjla fkdjQ O%ejdikakhg ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ we;=¿ lKavdhu md ;enQfha ;uka fj; fldñhqksiaÜ rch mejrE b,lalh imqrd,k mru wfmalaIdfjks’ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ wh;a jQfha wekagdáldj .fõIKh lrk fidaúhÜ ix.ufha yhjeks lKavdhugh’ Tyq;a iu. wekagdlaáldj .fõIKh lrk lKavdhfï idudcslhka fod<yla úh’ wekagdlaáldfõ Wmdhsl jYfhka jeo.;a hhs ;SrKh l< ìï lvl fiajd uOHia:dkhla fidaúhÜ ix.uh fjkqfjka f.dv ke.Su fudjqkg mejreKQ rdcldßh úh’ fï lKAvdhug wh;a jeä fokd boslsÍï jD;a;Ska yS ksr; jQjka úh’ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ yereKQ úg fi!LH wxYfhka lsisÿ m<mqreoaola we;s flfkla isáfhao ke;’


urKh wìuqj .;a ;SrKh
fõokdfjka f.jk fï fydard lsysmh w;sYh ;SrKd;aul nj Y,H ffjoHjrhd fyd|dldrju okS’ hï fyhlska wdidokhg ,lajQ we;s WKavqlmqÉph mqmqrd Wor l=yrfha f,a .e,Sula isÿ jQjfyd;a ksh; jYfhkau urKh Tyq lrd <`.d jkafkah’ ld,h b;du;a jeo.;ah’ fï t<U we;af;a ;SrKhla wjYH lrk fj,djhs’
zzuu u uf.a Y,Hl¾uh lr.kakjd”’ZZ
ta ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ .;a wjika ;SrKhhs’ ta;a Y,Hl¾uh lr.kafk fldfyduo @ nv lmd .kak tmdhe’ talg biafi,a, ks¾úkaokh lrkak fjkj’ isysh ke;s lf<d;a uu u fldfyduo nv lmd.kafk’ ydkais fj,d b|f.k nv osyd n,d.kafk fldfyduo @ yu” fïo ia:rh bj;a lr,” w;=KQnyka mdof.k Wor l=yrhg msúfikak ´ks’ f,a .,kj” ;j;a fjkialï YÍrfha we;s fjkjd’ yDoh”’ Yajikh Y,Hl¾uh isÿ lrk ld,h mqrdu n,kak ´ks ”’ wjidfk WKavqlmqÉPh bj;a lrkak ´ks’ f,a md,kh lrkak ´ks’ ueyqï .ykak ´ks”’ fïj Tlafldu lr.kak ug mq¿jka fjhso @ ta w;fr ug isysh ke;s jqfKd;a”’ @ Y,Hl¾uh w;fr wjdikdjka; isÿùula fj,d ug wudre jqfKd;a” ud uf<d;a”’@
fï m%Yak Tlafldu ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ bosßfha is;=jula jf.a ueù fmKqk;a Tyq ta ndOl yeu tllau ueo Y,Hl¾uh ie,iqï lf<A jeä fjñka ;sfnk fõokdj uOHfhauhs’


ie;alu lf<a ßhÿfrla iy ld,.=K fiajlfhl=f.a Woõfjka
Tyq Y,Hl¾uhg iydhlhka fofofkla f;dar.;a;’ tlaflfkla wdf,dal Odrdjla Wor l=yrhg t,a, lrkak’ wks;a tlaflkd Wor l=yrfhka mrdj¾;kh jk m%;sìïnh ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõg fhduq lrkak’ Tyq f;dar.;a; tlaflfkla ßhÿfrla” wfk;a tlaflkd ld,.=K fiajlfhla’ fï fofokf.ka tlaflfkla yß isys ke;s jqfKd;a Tyqf. ld¾hh ndr.kak .fõIl lKavdhfï kdhlh;a ldurfh Woõjg ;nd .;a;’
;ukag isys úi| jqfKd;a lrkak ´ks foaj,a .ek;a ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ fï ;=ka fokdg Wmfoia ÿkak’ weâßk,ska bkafclaIka tlla fok yeá” lD;%Su Yajikh mj;ajd.kak yeá wdoS uQ,sl Y,Huh ldrKd ta w;f¾ jqKd’
isys ke;s lsÍula .ek fuysos l;d lrkak fohla kE’ lkakdäfhka n,df.k Y,Hl¾uh isÿ lr.kafk frda.shd jqKQ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõuhs’ fudk ;rï ixlS¾K wjia:djla Wod jqK;a isys l,amkdj mj;ajd .ekSu;a Y,Hl¾uh id¾:lj wjika lsÍu olajdu ish¿ ldrKd fufyhùu;a ffjoHjrhd jYfhka Tyq uqyqK ÿka wNsfhda.h jqKd’


;ukaf.au ie;alu ;uka úiskau isÿ lr.;a yeá
zzuf.a ÿmam;a iydhlhka”’ Tjqka iqÿ meye f,da.= j,ska ieriS isáhd”” Tjqka iqog;a jvd iqÿue,sfhka ug fmKqkd”’ ud;a nh fj,d ysáfh”’ ta;a wjia:djg uqyqK osh hq;=hs’ uu uf.au YÍrhg fkdfõflaka T!IOh tkak;a lr.;a;d’ ta Y,Hl¾uh isÿ lrk m%foaYh ks¾úkaokh lr.kak’ yenehs Bg miafi ug f,dl= pls;hla oeKQfk kE’ ud ;=< ysáh frda.shd ihkfha je;sr ys|soaos ud YÍrh wrd.;a Y,H ffjoHjrhd jev wdrïN l<d”’ Bg miafi isoaO jqfKA iajhxl%Sh isoaëka .,d hdula’ZZ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ miq ld,fha fï isoaêh .ek igykla ,shd ;snqKd’
Worfha mrdj¾;s; m%;sìïnh m;s; jQ lKakdäh Tyqf.a ie;alu fufyhjkq we;ehs Tyq isÿ l< wkqudkh jerÿkd jf.hs’ ksjeros m%;sìïnhla fokak lKakdäh iu;a jqfKa kE’ thg ms<shula jYfhka Tyq uq,skau lf<A w;ajeiqï bj;a lsÍu’ bkamiq wf;a yqrejg iam¾Yfhka wjhj y÷kd .ekSug Tyq ;SrKh l<d’ fï Y,Hl¾uhu frda.Ska /ilg lsÍfuka ,;a yqrej fuysoS ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõf.a msysgg wdjd’


bkaøsh w÷r.;af; iam¾Yfhka”’ w;ajeiqï .,j, w;m; .d,”’
zzf,a .e,Su ;rula jeä jf.hs’ ta;a uu iSrejg Worh újr lr.;a;d’ fï w;fr jeroSulska uf.a nvje,la lemqko fldfyo”’ Tõ”’ tal tfyu fj,d”’ lems, ;sfhkafk .%yKsh’ fïl Nhdkl ;;a;ajhla’ je/oao ksjeros lr.kak ´ks’ZZ wfma NdIdfjka lshkj kï fïl wr b÷refj wdpdßhdg fjÉp jefâ jf.a”’ tlla lvf;d¿ uld .kakg .syska lvf;d¿ f.dvla yod.;a; jf.a’ ta;a oeka lrkak fohla kE’ lemqKq nvje, kej; mqreoaokak ´ks’ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ iSrejg iam¾Yfhka ueyqï odkak .;a;’ wjidkfha th ;snqKq úosygu ilia l<d”’


fï wjia:dfõoS ;ukag we;s jqKq ye`.Sï ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ úia;r lf<a fufyuhs’ zztkak tkak YÍr Yla;sh;a msßfykj’ T¿j lerflkj jf.hs”’ ta;a fïl kj;a;kak mq¿jkao @ ta kj;a;kak fjkafk uf.a cSú;h’ fldhs ;rï yhsh .;a;;a ug tl fj,djl uf.a isysh ke;s fjkak hkj jf.a oeKqk’ tal fjkak fokak nE”’ uu W;aidyfhka isysh mj;aj .kak jEhï l<d”’ w;SrKd;aul ksfïIfha jqK;a uu isysh /l.kak oeä W;aidyhla .;a;d’ B<`. fudfydf;aoS ug wdfh;a isys t<jd .kak yels jqKd’ Y,Hl¾uhg fhduq fjkak wjia:dj ,enqKd’ZZ
zzixhufhka áflka ál Y,Hl¾ufha ixlS¾K wjia:d j,g fhduq jqKd’ úkdä 4-5la jev lrk fldg ;;amr 20-25la úfõl .kakjd’ wdfh;a jev mgka .kakjd’ZZ
zzTh úosyg Y,Hl¾ufha wjidk wjia:djg <`.d jqKd’ ta lrorldr wkjYH bkaøsh – WkavqlmqÉPh uu u uf.a w;skau bj;a lr.;a;d’ZZ
;j ál fj,djla .shd kï nfâos mqmqrkj
zzuu th w;g f.k mÍlaId l<d”’ tafl mdofï w÷re me,a,ula ;snqKd’ tafl f;areu WKQvqlmqÉPh mqmqrkak b;du wdikakhs lshk mKsúvhhs’ nfâ ;sfhoaos tfyu jqKdkï uf.a cSú;h ksudjg m;a fjkjd’ ta;a oeka mqmqrk wjodku bjrhs’ ta;a fï Y,Hl¾uh ug bjr lr.kak mq¿jka fõúo @ZZ
zzWKavql mqÉPh bj;a l<dg miafi kej;;a Worl=yrh jikak ie<lsh hq;= fj,djla .; jqKd’ YÍrfha Yla;sh;a fndfydu ÿ¾j,hs’ yoj;;a flfuka ÿ¾j, jk njla ug ye`.=K’ ta;a mroskak nE”’ fï .;fjkafk Y,Hl¾ufha wjika ñks;a;= lsysmh’ ys;g;a” .;g;a jeäfhkau Yla;sh wjYH jk wjia:dj fïlhs’ZZ
zzoeka Y,Hl¾uh bjrhs’ jefâ iïmQ¾K fjkak meh foll=;a .; jqKd”’ ug ;ju;a isysh ;sfnkjd”’ foúhkag msx isoaO fjÉpdfj”’ uu ;ju;a cSj;=ka w;r”’ urKfha fydardj ta úosyg tod uu miql<d””ZZ
Y,Hl¾uh wjika jqKdu ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ Y,H WmlrK msßisÿ lrk úosy .ek iydhlhkag Wmfoia fokak;a wu;l lf<a kE’ tal ;uhs kshu jD;a;ShNdjh’ lsishï úosylska ixl+,;djhla we;s jqfKd;a” tfyu ke;akï fjk;a flfkla frda.S jqfKd;a fïj wdfh;a j;djla fndfydu wjYH fjkj’
Y,Hl¾ufhka miafi ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ m%;scSjl T!IO .;a;’ ksos fm;s lsysmhla wrf.k fndkak;a Tyq wu;l lf<a kE’
w÷f¾ w;m; .dñka uq;a b;d ksjerosj l< Y,Hl¾uhla”’
,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ ;ukagu lr.;a; fï ft;sydisl Y,Hl¾uh b;d ksjerosj l< tlla’ tafl lsisu m¿oaola ;snqfK kE’ tal ksidu Tyq ojfika oji iqjh ,enqjd’ osk myla .; jk úg WK .ekSu kej;=Kd’ osk y;la imsfroaos ueyqï lmd.kak wjia:dj Wod jqKd’ ie;alfuka yßhgu i;s follg miafi Tyq kej;;a .fõIK lKavdhfï ;ukaf. iqmqreÿ rdcldß j,g tlajqKd’
,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ kej; ud;DN+ñhg md ;enqfj ùrfhla úosyg’ Tyqf. osú /l.ekSfï l;dj fldñhqksiaÜ fidaúhÜ ix.ufha m%pdrl hdka;%Kfha m%n, wdhqOhla jqKd’ ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ fï ie;alu isÿ lr.kak osk 18lg l,ska fidaúhÜ cd;sl hQß ..dßka wNHjldY.; jQ m%:u ñksid úosyg b;sydihg tla jqKd’ i;s ;=kl ld,hla ;=< fidaúhÜ mqrjeishka fofofkla f,dalfhau nyqudkhg md;% jqKd’


ls;af.di”’ yrir ueoska f,kska.%dvhg”’
fidaúhÜ ix.uh u.ska mqrjeisfhl=g ,nd fok by<u nqyquk Order of the Red Banner of Labour kï molalu ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ fj; msßkeuqjd’ fidaúhÜ ix.uh fu ffjoHjrhdg iïNdjkdj oelajQfha iudcjdoh ìysl< ùrfhla úosyg’
1962 j¾IfhaoS ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ f,kska.%Eâ kqjrg meñKsfha ;u MD Wmdêhg wjYH m¾fhaIK lghq;= j, ksr; ùughs’ wekagdlaála .fõIK lKavdhug Tyq tl;= fjk úg Tyq Leningrad Pediatric Medical Institute wdh;kfhka Wmdêh ,enQ idudkH ffjoHjrfhla muKhs’ ta;a .fõIK lKavdhug tlaùug fmr Tyq Y,H ffjoH lKavdhulg iïnkaO ù Yd,lfõoh iïnkaO idhksl w;aoelSï ,ndf.k ;snqKd’ tal ;uhs ysufhka msreKq wekagdlaáldfjoS ;ukaf. osú .,jd .kak wdOdrl jqfKa’
wekagdlaála .fõIK j,ska miqj MD Wmdêhg iQodkï fjñka wka;f>%da;fha we;sjk ms<sld ms<sn|j Tyq bosßm;a l< ksnkaOkh ffjoH welvñfhos uy;a by<ska ms<s.ekSug ,lajqKd’ ta wkQj Tyq mYapd;a ffjoH WmdêOrfhl= f,i iqÿiqlï iïmQ¾K lr.;a;d’


,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõf.a wjika ld,h
miqld,Skj ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ Ydka; mSg¾ian¾.fha wdfrda.HYd,d lsysmhlu fiajh l<d’ laIh frda.Skaf.a fmKy¿ wdY%s; fjkialï iïnkaOfhka m¾fhaIKh lrk Ydka; mSg¾ian¾.fha Petersburg Research Institute for Tubercular Pulmonology kue;s m¾fhaIKdh;kfha Yd,l wxYfha m%Odkshd jYfhka ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ 1986 j¾Ifha isg ;u osúh wjika jk ;=re fiajh l<d’ jir 66la wdhq úkaokh lr 2000 j¾IfhaoS ,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ ;u osúu.g ksudj ÿkafka fmKy¿ ms<sld frda.sfhl= jYfhka’


,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ wm%udK osßhla iys; ukqIHfhla f,i b;sydihg tlafjkjd’ fï wdldrfha wjodkïiy.; Y,Hl¾uhla W;a;r O%ejfha wju myiqlï hgf;a isÿ lsÍug lsisu m%dfhda.sl yelshdjla fkd;snqK;a Tyq ta wNsfhda.h ch.;a;d ú;rla fkdfjhs” Y,H ffjoHjrfhl= jYfhka id¾:lj tu ld¾hh ksudjg m;a lrñka ;u jD;a;ShNdjh fudkjg fmkajd ÿkakd’


cSj;a fjkak wudreu wjia:dfõ;a cSj;a fjk yeá lshd foñka a,sfhdksâ frdf.dfidõ udkj ixy;sh fj; fok mKsúvh m%YxikShhs’ Tyq fuf;la f,dj my< jQ jvd;au ks¾NS; ffjoHjrhd f,i b;sydihg tla fjkjd’
Bharata-Gunathilaka

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